EPICURUS

   a Greek philosopher, born at Samos, of Athenian origin; settled at Athens in his thirty-sixth year, and founded a philosophical school there, where he taught a philosophy in opposition to that of the Stoics; philosophy he defined as "an activity which realises a happy life through ideas and arguments," summing itself up "in ethics, which are to teach us how to attain a life of felicity"; his system comprised "the three branches included in philosophy, viz., logic, physics, and ethics," but he arranges them in reverse order, logic and physics being regarded only as the handmaids of ethics; for he "limited logic to the investigation of the criterion of truth," and physics he valued as disillusioning the mind of "the superstitious fear that went to disturb happiness"; he was a man of a temperate and blameless life, and it is a foul calumny on him to charge him with summing up happiness as mere self-indulgence, though it is true he regarded "virtue as having no value in itself, but only in so far as it offered us something - an agreeable life."

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • EPICURUS — Atheniensis, Philosophus Celebris. sil. Neoclis ex Cherecrata, Gargetto oriundus, ex familia Philaidarum, eius sectae auctor, quae ab ea Epicurea, nominata est, Olympiadis 109. anno tertio, septennio post Platonis excessum. Obiit autem ex urinae… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Epicurus — [ep΄ə kyoor′əs] 341 270 B.C.; Gr. philosopher: founder of the Epicurean school, which held that the goal of man should be a life characterized by serenity of mind and the enjoyment of moderate pleasure …   English World dictionary

  • Epicurus — Infobox Philosopher name = polytonic|Έπίκουρος Epikouros |right|thumb|145px|Roman marble bust of Epicurus color = #B0C4DE region = Western philosophy era = Ancient philosophy birth = 341 BCE death = circa 270 BCE school tradition = Epicureanism… …   Wikipedia

  • Epicurus — /ep i kyoor euhs/, n. 342? 270 B.C., Greek philosopher. * * * born 341, Samos, Greece died 270 BC, Athens Greek philosopher. He was author of an ethical philosophy of simple pleasure, friendship, and retirement (see Epicureanism) and a… …   Universalium

  • Epicurus — (341–270 BC) Greek philosopher. Epicurus was born on the island of Samos, but moved to Athens in 307/6 BC, where he established a secluded community called the ‘Garden’. His doctrines are known mainly through the account in Diogenes Laertius, and …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Epicurus — (c. 341 bc– 270 bc) Greek philosopher Epicurus, who was born on the Greek island of Samos, traveled to Athens when he was about 18 years old, and received military training. He then taught at Mytilene and Lampsacus before returning to Athens (305 …   Scientists

  • Epicurus — Épicure Pour les articles homonymes, voir Epicure (homonymie). Épicure (Ἐπίκουρος) Philosophe Grec Antiquité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Epicurus — biographical name 341 270 B.C. Greek philosopher …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Epicurus — noun An ancient Greek philosopher, founder of the movement commonly known as Epicureanism …   Wiktionary

  • EPICURUS — (341 270 B.C.)    Greek philosopher who cultivated friendship and rejected both SKEPTICISM and IDEALISM in favor of an emphasis on immediate experience. SENSE DATA is the basis of knowledge, the feeling of pleasure, the ultimate GOOD. He taught a …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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